A breakthrough in the Arctic for the Russian people had a special sense — he was preceded by the breakthrough in space. The similarities of the polar space with space is obvious: neither one nor the other suggests the presence of a person, and his survival is not due to the environment, and in spite of it. Arctic, then the space, selected the best individuals close to as Superman. Arctic purified people.
The attitude to the icy lands like vault of the Shrine embedded in Russian culture, as in culture of the Aryan peoples. In the polar lands of the ancient Russians felt the presence of Paradise, which is referred to the Iria. This legend echoes the Hyperborean theory about the lost Aryan homeland, whose name in Greek sounds — Hyperborea, Latin — ARCTOGAIA, German — Tula. In Russian it is, of course, should be called Iria. Russian people are not left “icy tomb” homeland, remained beside her, bravely enduring all the hardships that brought him to this fate. And because among other descendants of the Hyperboreans took on a special meaning, the first among equals. And the Arctic, we need to consider not just geographical space, but a repository of meaning, the bearer of Russian fate. And treat her accordingly.
A purely utilitarian attitude to the polar lands can only lead to collapse of the entire Arctic project. But the natural resources of the icy region can become the basis for a man-made oases, centers of civilization, based on which, we will be able to explore this region and to protect the Russian lands from the Arctic areas. The high costs associated with the creation of centers of life in the Arctic, are not so significant, because their mission touches the lives of all Russian civilization.
We need to create a hierarchy of meaning in relation to the North and to develop its development on the basis of it. The first value of the Polar region — a sacred, why the mere presence of this space gives the present life a special meaning. With sacred value is closely related scientific. It is necessary to develop a project to explore the bottom of the Arctic ocean, the basis of which can become automatic and manned deep-sea station. Chief among these stations must be installed directly at the point of geographic North pole. Its equipment must provide the ability to study the ocean bottom, primarily archaeological, Geophysics (the study of physical fields of the Earth and Oceanographic studies. May have neutrino Observatory, with which is possible to study polar starry sky directly from the ocean’s depths. To test a number of geological hypotheses, the station can be equipped with a system of ultra-deep drilling, which allows to study the earth’s crust and reach the mantle.
Original taken from izborskiy_club
Reliance on new civilizational centers to expand and traditional Arctic science — meteorology (the region is one of the main “kitchen of weather” in the world), Oceanography, Geology, biology, marine animals, etc.
The following are important in the Arctic — the military, as the Arctic ocean connects the Russian land from the North American continent. The creation of a new class of ships — wig, which is capable to move over polar ice that will increase the mobility of the Northern fleet will create a reliable shield in this area. Their equipment promising means of aerospace defense, such as beam and plasma weapons, will create a virtually impenetrable shield against the possible use of Intercontinental ballistic missiles of the potential enemy. Be based connection wig aerospace defense can at the polar ports.
Closely associated with the military transport role. The Northern sea route, created in 30-e years of the twentieth century, is now a major transportation artery of the country. To improve it, making year-round, perhaps again through the introduction of a new generation of Maritime transport systems — freight and passenger ekranoplans. The elimination of the seasonal Northern delivery will enliven the polar region, will make possible the extension of his old civilizational centers and creating new ones.
Another challenge related to the development of the Northern sea route, the creation of new overland transport routes leading to the Arctic ports. Here we can assume the construction of new railway lines: Urengoy — Dudinka — Norilsk, Tynda — Yakutsk — Tiksi along the Lena river), Amur — Magadan — Kamchatka (with possible branch to the Arctic port of Pevek). The creation of these routes will require new technologies, is already partially developed with the construction of the BAM railroad and the TRANS-Siberian Urengoy.
In the industrial development of the Arctic requires a radical move away from current habits to assess his resources only from the standpoint of their sales on the world market and the corresponding orientation of the region only in the extractive sector. Of course, the hydrocarbon fields in Eastern Siberia, Arctic shelf and the Arctic ocean we have to consider the project of the future of this region. But only as an internal resource, not intended for export in its raw form. Because processing would be best to generate directly to extraction sites, which has created technology to produce this with minimal material costs and a minimal number of people. The export of ready-made chemical products require lower transportation costs and will provide for the region a higher profit.
But in addition to hydrocarbons, the Arctic is rich unique resource necessary for technologies of the future. Such as rare earth elements, titanium, zirconium, thorium. Their rich placer deposits of river deltas, where their prey is not such difficulties as in the development of indigenous deposits. In the Eastern Arctic there are large river deltas of the Lena, Yana, Indigirka, Kolyma. In their mouths it makes sense to create new settlements, man-made polar oases. The river will provide a new production centers in hydropower resources, which are necessary for the energy-intensive metallurgy of titanium and zirconium.
Another promising region of the Arctic — Anabar plateau on which is situated the settlement of Khatanga. Deposits are now scarce in the world of Apatite ores are associated with deposits of rare metals, that can make this part of the Arctic ore base of the future. To develop the resources of this region must create its relationship with the manufacturing centers of southern Siberia, which will provide a railway line from Norilsk, as well as the Kola Peninsula along the Northern sea route.
In addition to creating new industrial centres are required to produce and upgrading existing ones. First of all, Norilsk industrial hub, transferring its non-ferrous metals for new technologies — plasma metallurgy, hydrometallurgy. Such reconstruction will result in growing energy consumption, and therefore can not do without the construction of power plants. The easy option would be to establish a nuclear power plant providing all the energy needs of the Norilsk complex.
Climatic conditions in the polar region, creating obstacles to its development, sometimes in unexpected ways creating suitable conditions for development in some areas of high technology. For example, the coldest inhabited places of the Earth — settlements of Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon — have a very dry and clean air with very little dust. In such a climate it is possible to create high-precision and high-purity industries, such as electronics and MEMS. This confirms the truth that in nature there is neither good nor evil, it just depends on abilities to use that it establishes conditions.
The modern look of cities of the polar region that mimic the appearance of settlements in Central Russia, it doesn’t provide enough energy, nor the proper level of comfort of residents, most of the year conducting indoors and under artificial lighting. Even Pomerania was well-known principle: the more extreme the conditions, the greater must be the house, the more services you want to combine under one roof. In the Pomeranian house under one roof housing was not only the shed and the barn, but even small dry dock for winter Parking and repair small Pomeranian ships — traders. Architects of the twentieth century this principle has somehow been forgotten. But by the end of the twentieth century a number of architects put forward projects of houses-cities with indoor walking areas, winter gardens, having adequate lighting in its spectral composition of sunlight. If the home-city to supply nuclear power plants that provide their electricity, light and heat, they will gain autonomy and to mount they can be anywhere in the Arctic. These projects brought virtually to a state of implementation and should be the basis for the construction of new civilizational centers of the Arctic and renovation of existing ones.
Project new life of the polar region is similar to fiction. But the life of the Russian people in a harsh, not suitable for the survival of the ice edges will always look for other peoples as fantastic. It was the North for centuries formed the tribe of Pomerania, which at its core was an elite of the Russian people, which gave rise to Russian science and Russian navigation. The Arctic ocean for many centuries was for the Russian a kind of inner space, the development of which eventually led to the development of foreign, large space. Paradoxically, but sparsely populated, harsh the Arctic is the purpose and meaning of Russian civilization, and without it, the Russian people have no future.