August 15, 1918, the USA declared the termination of existence of Russia

Original taken from alexandr_palkin in August 15, 1918, the USA declared the termination of existence of Russia

Original taken from varjag_2007 in August 15, 1918, the USA declared the termination of existence of Russia

This day in history:

August 15, 1918, the USA declared the termination of existence of Russia and landed its troops in Vladivostok

Traditionally, the US and Russia never fought each other. However, it was in our history the episode when the Americans with arms to invade the Russian land.

The idea of military intervention in Russia emerged in the ruling circles of the USA before the victory of the October revolution. On the eve of the October armed uprising, October 24 (November 6), 1917, U.S. Ambassador to Russia David Rowland Francis in a telegram to Washington proposed to send to Russia through Vladivostok or Sweden several divisions of American troops.

February 21, 1918, the same Francis, reporting on the situation in Soviet Russia, offered to immediately launch a military intervention. “I insist,” he wrote, – the need to take control of Vladivostok, and the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk to pass under the control of Britain and France…”.

Republican Senator from the state of Washington miles Poindexter, calling for intervention, stated that “Russia is just a geographical concept, and nothing more it never will be. Its strength of cohesion, organization, and recovery is gone forever. The nation does not exist…”.

First, beating the Americans in Russia the British have landed: March 9, they began in the Murmansk landing from the cruiser “glory”. March 14 to Murmansk with a new group of invaders arrived the English cruiser “Cochrane”, and 18 March – French cruiser “Admiral About.” The Americans later joined on: may 27, in Murmansk port and entered the American cruiser “Olympia”, which soon landed a detachment of American infantry.

The first on Russian soil, 4 September 1918, he joined the soldiers of the 339 th infantry regiment. Despite the fact that the task of the American units were only the protection of military property, the situation at the front forced the command of the invaders to leave the military part of the U.S. offensive in the district of the Vologda railway and the Dvina.

The total losses of the American contingent in the North of Russia reached 110 killed in battle and 70 people have died of cold and disease. The losses forced the Americans to evacuate their troops from the Russian North, and on 5 August in Murmansk there is not one American.

However, 10 days later the US state Department officially announced the severance of diplomatic relations with Russia. It was not referring to Soviet Russia and its Bolshevik government, and Russia in General. The Declaration of the state Department was said about the demise of Russia as a state. In the day began landing of American troops in Vladivostok. The American expeditionary force in Siberia was under the command of major-General graves and counted 7950 soldiers and officers. Russia has redeployed units of the 27th and 31st infantry regiments, as well as volunteers from 13 th 62 th and 12th infantry regiments.

American troops were unprepared for the harsh conditions of Siberia. Widespread were the problems with supplies of fuel, ammunition and food. The horse contingent of US accustomed to living in a temperate climate and have not been able to operate in sub-zero temperatures, the water in the machine guns with no additives just frozen.

The most notable military encounter between Russians and Americans in the far East was the battle near the village of Romanovka, June 25, 1919, near Vladivostok, where the Bolshevik forces under the command of James Trapezina attacked the Americans and caused them losses in 24 people killed.

The last American soldiers left Siberia April 1, 1920. During the 19-month stay in Russia the Americans lost in the far East 189 soldiers.

Translated by Yandex Translate