This photo from the early 20th century, “Ancient Greece”, so to speak – “the Parthenon in the rain.”
It is clearly seen that canny from plastered brick and at school all the same “historians” claimed that all of pure marble. But brick began to be used, according to “historians” somewhere in the 15th century. And build of brick began Kremlins and monasteries, such as the Moscow Kremlin – 1485 – 1495 years of the Novgorod – 1484 -1490, Nizhny Novgorod – 1500 – 1512, and so on, through the list.
In Russia, the Council on preservation of natural heritage of the nation at the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation opened the program “Trees – monuments to living nature”.
At first glance, such conventional quarterly clearings in the forests of Russian thought, is not so simple and put a lot of questions as to their origin and how they are supported, not overgrown for decades. But the real shock plunges scientific discovery made by a petroleum engineer Cyril Kolonskikh.
It turned out that the “cuttings” are lined by woods only Russia, but also … the Yamal tundra!
Here from the его Posts toklko some photos and some of the conclusions drawn by the author.
Next to the white “cuttings” the author spent the red line (click to enlarge) to make them more visible, I used the other way: to increase the contrast of the image in the graphics editor, here is a snippet of the resulting image:
Old-timers of our military town (says Victor Skopets) I remember in the late 1970s in the air periodically heard a terrible roar – the plane crossing the sound barrier. Residents of the town trembled, the children woke up, the glass shook, everyone knew what the noise but few understand why in times of peace to disperse the aircraft to supersonic, but still above the living quarters. And only now this page of history became public.
July 18, 1979 in Vienna held a meeting of heads of superpowers – Leonid Brezhnev and Jimmy Carter, which was signed the SALT-2 treaty limiting strategic offensive arms. On the same day informal meeting of Brezhnev and Carter. The rivalry between the two countries have been strained to the limit. The arms race, the race in space, the rivalry for influence in the world considerably escalate the situation and at the negotiating table.
During the meeting, Carter accidentally let slip that the US intelligence the SR-71 is able to fly at speeds more than three times the speed of sound. Brezhnev immediately found: “And our planes can fly tail forward with the speed of sound and fire!” Overwhelmed by the members of the Soviet delegation remained silent – no one dared contradict the Secretary General.
History, however, will be continued. Upon arrival in Moscow, Brezhnev called the Commander of the Air Force and in the shortest time required to build such an aircraft, which could, as a locomotive in two cabins, fly back and forth and overcome the speed of sound. The commander said that to build such a plane is impossible in principle. “For the present Communist and Soviet man nothing is impossible! You’re a member of the party?” – He said in his response to Brezhnev.
The project “Kalmar” began. First, the development team has made a mathematical model of the aircraft, and then at the pilot plant at the Research Institute. Gromov has produced a pilot model in the amount of 1:20 from the original value. Blowing in the wind tunnel show – yes, indeed, the design of the unit with variable sweep wing allows to keep stable in the air over a range of speeds and angles of attack. It is time for the flight test.
For several reasons, flight-test the machine on the main floor – in Zhukovsky did not. MIG-21 jet with suspended solid propellant boosters pulling on the cable model of the aircraft crossed the sound barrier, devices and cameras to record everything that happens in the air. That is, this construction – MIG and pig with wings, stuffed with equipment and rumbled over the town in the late 1970’s – early 80’s, awakening babies in strollers and scaring villagers. A year later, the prototype aircraft, converted from serial MiG-23 was ready for flight testing. Due to the high risk of the date of the first flight was postponed and postponed, and 10 November 1982 Leonid Brezhnev died.
The project was immediately without fanfare rolled up, the research team disbanded.
Замечу, with the result that Russian fighters videoconferencing today after flying tail first (Pugachev Cobra).
Yesterday, for the first time in nine years the US Federal Reserve raised the benchmark interest rate from 0.25% to 0.5%. The world froze in anticipation of severe market turmoil. Is it worth it to wait for them? After all, from the absolute point of view of the rate change on such a meager value maloznachim enough. A business that is stable enough to make a profit easily cope with the additional quarter per cent increase. To cope with much more load. And about the rate of return in the financial markets in general in this section to talk funny. The meaning and the true meaning of this decision in the Federal Reserve did not rate as such. And not even in anticipation of further rate increases in the next year, which could be more substantial
Who wrote “Mu-mu”
– And why the monument to Gogol?
In honor of the victory over the enemy in the War of 1812 in 1818, in Moscow, on which the brunt, unveiled a monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the heroes of the war in 1612.
On the wave of patriotism Pushkin wrote a poem about the glory of Russian weapons:
Lost building technologies Petersburg Richly illustrated article, in which Author specific examples argues in favor of casting technologies in the construction of St. Petersburg and shows the exorbitant complexity of most stone buildings of the city on the Neva, if we look at them as the results of stone-cutting work.
In mid-summer 2013, I saw a series of educational films from the series “distortion of history”, which filmed on lectures and materials Alexei Kungurova. Some films in this series were devoted to building technologies that were used in the construction of well-known buildings in St. Petersburg, such as St. Isaac’s Cathedral and the Winter Palace. This topic is very interesting to me, because on the one hand, many times I have been to St. Petersburg and I love this city, and on the other, working in the project Construction Institute “Chelyabinskgrazhdanproekt” me to these films did not occur to look at these objects from the point of view of construction technology.
At the end of November 2013 fate smiled at me again, and I presented a working trip to St. Petersburg for 5 days. Naturally, all the free time, which managed to carve out, was spent on the study of the topic. The results of his small, yet surprisingly effective research, I present in this article. Continue reading “And we cast in granite”