The tragic events of the Ukrainian “Maidan revolution” covers the media primarily in their catastrophic “factual” part. And, as we can see the cause in the majority of Russian companies a certain bewilderment: why is this full of hatred of the “Muscovites” and “omoskalennyh” devil’s force, which for several months “panout” in Ukraine?
Meanwhile, the ideas that permeate this power for almost a century to infect the Ukrainian popular strata. These ideas created the Bandera Nazis and its military-political embodiment in 30-x — 40-ies of XX century. These ideas continued to live and work after the Second world war — opened in Western Bandera emigration and implicitly in the Soviet Ukraine. And these same ideas in the post came on the ideological and political space of our “square” of a neighbor, and set the stage for attempts Bandera revenge, which we are now witnessing with horror.
The name to these ideas of Ukrainian Nazism.
It all started with a Ukrainian ethnic nationalism of the mid XIX — early XX century. It was then that the Polish intellectuals and the Austrian General staff from local dialects were used to make a “difference” a special Ukrainian language. It was then that was created, “naucelles” and kontseptualizirovat the first myths about the special, separate from the Muscovites, the Ukrainian nation.
That was when there were the first works that showed that Russia violates the agreement on the reunification adopted by the Pereyaslav Rada, and therefore the people of Ukraine have no obligations to Imperial Moscow. For example, the Kharkiv lawyer Mykola Mikhnovsky, in 1900 issued in Lviv the brochure “Independent Ukraine”, which clarified that Russia, almost entirely deprived Ukraine of autonomy, is the main enemy of the Ukrainian people.
The events of the revolutions of 1905 and 1917, the subsequent Ukrainian turmoil and civil war — polarized all segments of Ukrainian society. Created the first formation of the Ukrainian intelligentsia, which in the 1920-ies began to come extremely radical forms of nationalism.
The main figure, which conceptually designed this process was Dmytro Dontsov. This born in 1883 the son of a wealthy family he studied at St. Petersburg, Vienna and Lviv universities, previously involved in the ranks of the social Democrats in revolutionary activities. But in 1913, Dontsov left social Democrats and said that Ukraine for independence needs in the coming war to take the side of Russia’s enemies.
In August 1914, the don has created and has headed in Galicia under the control of the Austro-Hungarian foreign Ministry, “the Union of liberation of Ukraine”, whose main objective was called the transformation of Ukraine into a monarchist protectorate of the German and Austro-Hungarian — Ukrainian crown land”.
Since 1916, the don is in Switzerland and becomes one of the organizers and participants of the “League of non-Russian peoples of Russia” (note that this is a prototype created by Bandera immigrants after the Second world war Anti-Bolshevik bloc of Nations”).
In 1918, the don comes to the German army occupied Kiev and heads the Ukrainian Telegraph Agency in the government of Hetman Skoropadsky. After the withdrawal of the German troops returned to Lviv, where in 1926. released his major conceptual work “Nationalism”.
Any scientific novelty in this opus series no. There is a careful reading of foreign predecessors, the nationalists and the authors of the theory of the elites, and also generalization of experience of Italian fascism and German Nazism becoming.
Thus, the phrase “integral nationalism,” don takes the leader of the French proto-fascist organization “action française” by Charles Barras. Social Darwinism and the doctrine of racial anti — borrows from Herbert Spencer and complements the ideas of “ethnic racism” of the French nationalist Maurice Barres, resulting in Dontsov, the concept of “race” coincides with the biological concept of “species” and the sociological concept of “nation”.
The idea of “international social Darwinism” Doncova almost literally repeats the theses of the leader of the Italian nationalists Enrique Corradini: ” the one who imagines people as certain types which, as in the organic world, are doomed to eternal competition with each other — one clearly sees that even two of them won’t fit on one piece of land under the sun… weaker… will have to give place to the stronger”.
Hence, Dontsova, implies the historical inevitability of imperialist expansion: “Imperialism is not only robbery but also the performance of public duties in the public interest, the Nations designed for and capable of. There is a higher… people who know how to rule others (and themselves), and people who do not know how… the Right of strong races to organize people and peoples to build on existing culture and civilization.”
The idea of domination organized by the “order” of the minority over the unorganized “cattle” in the nation , the don takes Mosca, Michels and Lebon: “the relations within the nation are determined by the fact that the nation is divided into castes… the Hierarchical structure of the nation heads the minority initiative… a special segment “best people”. Minority initiative, the don calls the “aristocracy”, “order”, while the rest of the people — the mob, the plebs, “draught cattle”, “who went where it was stated and carried out, what was his job”.
Dontsov’s ideas about the creative violence as the driving force of historical Nations — a rehash of the works of Georges Sorel and an associate of Mussolini, the Italian futurist Filippo Marinetti: “the task of the best people of the nation is the use of creative violence over the bulk of the people”. And further: “there are nation-conquerors who make history… the main purpose of the Nations of the conquerors is the reign, dispensation of life according to their own ideas, regardless of how much effort people will need to invest in it, regardless of related with this victims.”
From Gaetano Mosca and Mussolini , the don takes a militant “leaderism”. At the head of the “order of the best people,” by Dontsova, should be “leader with unlimited power.”
Finally, the arguments center on the form of the upcoming Ukrainian statehood clearly resonate with the ideas of “total personality” in a “total state” ally Mussolini Giovanni Gentile. The Central conceptual notion, passing from the center through the whole book, is the human will as interpreted by Schopenhauer, Bergson, and especially Nietzsche’s “will to live” and “will to power”.
New Doncova in comparison with the predecessors — unmorally hierarchical radicalism of Nazism and the special, glowing anti-Russian pathos. This is clearly evident in his book “Nationalism”, and in later works.
So, don writes: “the Ruling caste… should be a special group.. forged from a different metal than the submissive, indifferent, unstable mass… this caste must demonstrate very special properties of spirit and soul belonging to this caste member knows neither mercy nor humanity in relation to the person… such a person is inherent intolerance to anything that is contrary to the ideal, for it is impossible to be an Apostle, without feeling the desire to deal decisively with anyone or anything to destroy.”
While the don has a strict separation between the nation as a Union of “svidomih” (conscious) members of the national body — and the people, which he strongly despises. According to Dontsova, a mechanism for the creation of the nation — “cleaning” of the Ukrainian people from all the alien and “nesma” elements (note how openly these theses are reproduced by advocates of the current “Maidan revolution”!). Accordingly — any ideas of friendship between Nations, federalism or autonomy — only nation, clean up, able or willing to integrate. This is the “demand racial hygiene”.
For the consolidation of the nation, according to Dontsova, “the main task: to prevent the decay of society, to prevent the poisonous Bacillus of democracy gnawed him. You need to cement it into a solid, powerful and shock resistant body large power… primarily by establishing a series of dogmas, rules, by establishing its truth, the only and infallible.., finally.., ruthlessly cracking down on the doubters”.
Next, don stresses that the integral of the “willful” nationalism needs to be romantic, dogmatic and irrational. The romanticism must “eat legend’s last fight” (a clear reference to the German Nazi mythology, Valhalla) and “the denial that there is a fascinating picture of the disaster, bringing new. Dogmatism — “will appear, accompanied by a categorical order, unquestioning obedience”. But their unity, the don defines as: “…a synthesis of both… contrasts the “meaning” is irrational.., evidence — adventurism.. he’s not debating.. wants to implement the idea non-existent and essentially the opposite of a specific… all this determines his militancy, antipathies”. Further, referring to Spencer: “…the Thesis that the mind controls the man, is as foolish as the idea that they run the eyes … the Only obvious psychic power is desire“.
And from his integral nationalism, the don demanded the fanaticism and immorality. He emphasized that “the national idea had to be immoral“, and realize it needs a fanatic, who “believes his truth is the only thing in common, mandatory for others. Hence his aggressiveness and intolerance for different views”.
But to achieve this, Dontsova, you need to “creative violence initiative of the minorities”, without which it is impossible entirely to subdue their own the masses and to direct their aggression against others. Don stresses that “violence is not the method, which may or may not be. Aggression, by which a new idea is embodied in life is not random, it is immanent in every religious or national idea”. And further: “Fanaticism”, “gut feelings”, “emotion” instead of “reasonable” approach, the spirit of “national intolerance” — all that spit we must rehabilitate fresh and young Ukrainians.”
Don followed closely on the successes of the fascists and Nazis in Europe (Italy, Germany, Romania, Belgium), openly called himself a fascist and proud of the fact that opens the way for a fascist Ukraine. And at the same time stressed that he is credited racial identify of Russia and Russian as the main age-old enemy of Ukraine and “the civilized world”.
In their arguments about human races/Nations/types of Dontsov calls Ukrainians “chosen people”. Because, allegedly, the historical basis of the Ukrainians is the superior Nordic race, and they “made of the clay from which God creates a chosen people”.
In the “Nationalism” of the don announces the existence in Eurasia of the two “worlds”: the Latin-German and Moscow-Asia, which historically incompatible and always at war with each other. According to Dontsova, the divide between these worlds takes place on the Eastern ethnic border of Ukraine and Belarus.
This section in later works, the don explains that the Russian supposedly did not even relate to the racial struggle within humanity, because it does not belong to the species “Homo sapiens” (again, notice how the same language is reproduced today “Maidan” leaders like Yulia Tymoshenko, calling activists of the South-East, distraught protesters against the Kiev authorities, “creatures”).
In the end it was the Russian subhuman, Dontsova, many centuries not only prevent aging and becoming a fully-fledged Ukrainian nation, but to civilized development of the West.
Here’s a hell of a conceptual blend was adopted by the Ukrainian Nazis of Bandera and Melnyk in the late 1920-ies.
About how she was transformed and passed into political practice, and why and how to resuscitate in the present Ukraine, in the next article.
That bandarouna, banditism as the world — movement is NOT spontaneous, unorganized, on what, on whom rests the current “svidomye Ukrainians” — this material.
Translated by Yandex Translate