Lagenda about the Glagolitic alphabet, Part 1.
Original taken from yar46 in the Legend of the Glagolitic alphabet, Part 1. The letter of the Slavs.
Unfolds before us an ancient legend called “Foreign creation of written language to the Slavs.”
What letter was written that met Kirill in Crimea (in Korsun). Whether it was the Glagolitic and Cyrillic can. Researchers have long expressed different opinions on this mystery. There are several options.
It was the Glagolitic.
It was Cyrillic.
This Protokollile or…
Poskollku up to the present time the official science has no clear answer to the simple question of how the alphabet was written the gospel and the Psalter, read Kirill Korsun, the word takes alternative. Examine the arguments in favor of each of the options.
So, The Glagolitic Alphabet. The name of this letter is known since the XV century, when about writing the Polish chroniclers.
P. A. Lavrovsky (“Research on the chronicle Icimsoy”. Proceedings of the 2nd DEP. AK. Sciences., 1856, vol. 2) gives the following words of the Polish chronicler Stryjkowski, who used old Russian, have not survived the Chronicles, about the training of the sons of Vladimir the Great:
“…I dai wazystkich przezczonych synow i pizy nich kilkoset syndw bojarskich, pisma greckiego a hiaholskiego, uczyc, przelozwazy nad nimi diaki i miodzience cwiczone”. In modern Russian it means: “…and gave all the aforementioned sons, and with them several hundred boyar sons to teach writing Greek, and Glagolitic…”.
In Science it is considered that the Slavic alphabet (old Church Slavonic) was invented no earlier than the mid-ninth century. The oldest surviving inscriptions in Glagolitic date 893 a year, and it is believed that the Glagolitic alphabet appeared before the Cyrillic. See: The S. N. Palauzov. Century the Bulgarian Tsar Simeon. SPb., 1852. Str. 130. http://www.vostlit.info/Texts/rus7/Stryikovski_2/text4.htm
In other words, the Glagolitic alphabet as letters to Cyril are detected, but in the X century it (the Glagolitsa) in Russia was called… Kirilovich! That is clearly no accident.
In order not to get lost in terms of Slavic and Russian letters, repeatedly reformed, let us consider the issue in more detail and of course alternative.
The ABC – supposedly the Letter of the Slavs prior to the adoption of baptism (further clarification). Named after the first two letters AZ and Buki.
Alphabet letter of the Greeks and Romans Latins. The name from the first letter alpha. Comes from the name of the Phoenician letter Aleph, i.e., a Bull or an Ox. The second part of the name of the Latin vita – life. As an example of the expression vitae necisque Potestas in aliquem is the authority over someone’s life and death. An example from the dictionary shows that the written document is to Express the will of the authorities. Probably the strength of written documents, both in the past and now.
Kirilovich – the First name of the Glagolitic alphabet by the name of its author. The name of the letter known in Russia since the XI century on the quick note Explanatory of the prophets” left Novgorod scribe Ghoul Dashing.
Cyrillic – Alphabet Church Slavonic artificial language named for Cyril. The name taken after his death.
Letter – One of the varieties of Church of the Cyrillic alphabet. Under this title in Bosnia from the XV to the XVI century there was one of the versions of the Church Slavonic letters of the Cyrillic alphabet.
The value of names.
It is time to understand the motivation and meaning of all these names.
Alphabets much? One source names the first two letters. Alphabets much? Also one from alpha, i.e. Aleph = Ox or bull. We translate the following.
The letter is a sign. AZ – first. Hence we find the name of the Alphabet and its meaning as “the First signs” of a collection of letters, in the words of Vladimir Dal. Maybe AZ and Buki is AZ and the Bull that Alef? The name of the Alphabet, it seems, unites the Russian language two letters of the Phoenician and our Russian. And Buki can be represented as a talisman of Bakarania and even the name of the Hindu Buddha, the keepers from disease and otradovice from evil thoughts. Exactly the same that were considered provided a gesture of “goat horns”. The meaning of the name Buki letters clearly pre-Christian.
Letter that the Bosnian Church a kind of cursive Cyrillic. That is a shorthand variation of the Cyrillic alphabet led Orbini in his 1601 ” Slavic Kingdom (historiography)”, calling her Letter. Those interested can personally look in Moscow 2009 edition.
Name Bukvica a synonym for the word initial from the Latin. initialis “initial”.
The End Of The Middle Ages. There is a growing need for books. As a response to a need born of the cursive font and the Letters rule. What is the rule?
The first letter of the beginning of the book, Chapter, or topic, and the name or the place name is written large in size sometimes with extreme ornateness. The drawing of the letters reflects the historical events of the time of the scribe. From the first special letter (initial) got its name and type of writing, and well-known names. Called Bukvica there are settlements in Sarajevo and the homonymous village in the lower Silesia province of Poland. It probably was about the scribes who lived there. This is reminiscent of the occupation of the population. Kuvanje ferry boat with a pole – cue. Hence Kiev-crossing. Settlement Moscow – Basmanny, in which lived then (bakers Royal court), Kotelniki, Printers and the like. And here.
Bosancica, she is Bosnian, Croatian or Bosnian-Croat Cyrillic, it is the Western-Serbian letter. Letter — like a medieval kind of Church of the Cyrillic alphabet known since the XV century and were used until the XVIII century. For this reason the Letter cannot be considered one Alphabet all Slavs and that of the ancient alphabet as it is sometimes found in some sources.
What is the name of the Glagolitic alphabet?
Think Glagolitic Alphabet, but it’s a completely different collection of letters. The verb means not a mark, i.e., letter, and Word. It is known that in ancient Russia the bad word called “obscene verbs.” As you can see, the Verb is not a literal mark that Word needs it or not.
Even formally named the Glagolitic script cannot be an Alphabet vlees different collection of characters and respectively having a different name. Glagolitic as the name clearly later, but she…
And finally, the word Alphabet, which has interesting meaning. Alpha Bull, Vita is life. Combine together, and leaves the Life of a Bull. It’s not like God Veles in the form of a Bull. The name of the Alphabet shows ancient contact ancient Greeks with Slavic written culture, which later manifested itself in Latin. Otherwise, where would be astronomical in the Greek legends came from the mention of the Bull of Veles and the constellations of the Big and little Bears.
Bootes (Bootes) is an ancient constellation, it is mentioned in Homer and Hesiod. Bootes is called the husbandman, drive seven harnessed to the plow oxen , the seven stars of the Great bear, or a hunter chasing a bear. The name itself says about the proximity to the pole, and the name of its brightest star – Arcturus (Αρκτούρος) means in Greek “Keeper of the bear “. Where Αρκτος – bear , and ουρος – guard. Creating in astronomy Arctic legend, the Greeks lived to the South Slavs, to know about the Arctic could only be hearsay.
The Glagolitic alphabet is not so similar to known European writings that the captive starts to turn his head, how could such a large and incomprehensible. Moreover, the Letter is a medieval variant of the Cyrillic alphabet used mostly on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until then the Slavs no letter don’t seem to exist? But the beginning Letters this XV century and by the time the Glagolitic alphabet and the Cyrillic alphabet is well known.
Glagolitic wrote from the Adriatic to the Baltic, but in Eastern Europe it is a shelter not found. Reality does not fit into the myth of the creation of the Slavic alphabet. Refer to the logic of events.
Writing at the beginning of its existence, the sacral and the lot of priests. What we find in the Novgorod land? Letter for domestic purposes is used by all social strata of the population, including children, married women and maidens on wydanie. Here to talk about the sacredness of the letter is not necessary, therefore, the period of the sacredness of this letter’s long gone, and it should not lead to a letter about the Church (Church Slavonic), and the long-existing literature that the population has mastered hoo when. Standard question – where are her tracks? The answer is simple and obvious. On what wrote? On the tree which is badly preserved for centuries. The exception was birch gramotki that archaeologists find in the layers of the earth, but also those without special treatment do not deploy and do not read. And gramotki written on birch bark letters of the Alphabet.
The ancestors of the Slavs traded with the world, but accounts, you see, didn’t know until a written Church Slavonic present.
Strange signs of the Glagolitic alphabet, rather, the signs of a cipher than letters. This is indicated by many researchers. The etymology of the word figure is clear – Figure, Sifr, Cipher. Associated with the Arabic word Sifr, translated copy of the meaning of the Indian word sunya – empty space, Sifra known in Hebrew. Zero in VII century discovered in Cambodia and Indonesia. The sense of sunya that figure is an abstract concept, not a specific way-like letters.
Is this not alphabetic numbering as encryption priestly records by matching letters to digits of the code match table that is known only to the initiated.
If anyone is curious to look at the real cipher of the XIV century, here is the link to the article http://nickfilin.livejournal.com/152985.html. Here we are on the encrypted name of the author Ludogoscha cross 1359, in Novgorod.
The author of the cross left on his creation of the inscription, which is not directly read:
Encryption is made on the basis of the Alphabet, not Glagolitic, but nonetheless curious.
The cipher was solved by B. A. Rybakov, who suggested that each pair of letters is a number equal to the sum of the alphabetic numbering.
FU =500 + 400 = 900 = I
II = 10 + 10 = 20 =
ML = 40 + 30 = 70 = O
AA = 1 + 1 = 2 =
SS = 200+200 = 400 =
RR =100 + 100 = 200 =
LK = 30 + 20 = 50 = N
SS =200 + 200 = 400 =
TC =300 + 200 = 500 = F
HS = 3 + 2 = 5 = E
BB = 2 + 2 = 4 = D
ML = 40 + 30 = 70 = O
RR = 100 +100 = 200=
ML = 40 + 30 = 70= O
AA = 1 + 1= 2 =
SS =200 + 200 =400 =
If you citetitle spell right, top to bottom get: ACOMPREHENSIVE, i.e. Jacob, the son of Fedosovo.
Location numbers and their names.
When Explorer displays the account history for the number of fingers, it is modestly silent that the decimal system is derived from the Slavic names of the right hand is a right Hand.
The name numbers and their motivations in the Slavic language and Sanskrit is shown here http://slavanthro.mybb3.ru/viewtopic.php?t=7063
The fact that mathematics and figures in antiquity were engaged in a tightly evident from the fact than it is fooling. In fact, NOL it TABOUTISH START ONtschita, a NUL Arabic tracing from the Indian word sunya, the FREE (empty) place. The concept is not equivalent. Interestingly, the development of mathematics coincides with the opening of the Indian Sanskrit.
It is considered that the numbers from India fell to the Arabs, and those in Europe, but we can confidently prove that the first link in this chain of borrowing were our ancestors, and the language of the so-called Indo-European words.
The names of Russian figures as a heritage, is an Indo-European basis. So, we write line by line: the first word in Russian, the second in Sanskrit.
First – purwa.
Tri – tri.
Four – catvaari, Qatar or chatvari.
Five – punch.
Six – chest.
Seven – SAPTA.
Eight – asta. The letter V has disappeared, or, on the contrary, the Russian appeared. Add V to the Sanskrit ASTA – would make a vasta. Still a lot of time has passed, Sanskrit thousands of years, there has been something changed in that time.
Nine is Nava. Coincidence is not very likely then the idea that you would then need a new arm.
Ten – dasa.
Russian and Sanskrit “ten” comes from the name of the right hand “right hand” in Russian, “right hand”. Dr-ind. dákṣiṇas “sensible, clever, right’, Avest. dašina- “right”.
That is, our ancestors of R1a were mostly right-handed and began to count on fingers from left to right. So says the right-hander. Gain fingers of two hands – and then called the gums, and the Aryans of India dašina- “right”. Entirely Indo-European decimal base.
The numbers are perfectly match, and their semantic motivation is rather the mystery of ancient rituals, or way of life.
Read more about the concept of “indoevropeiskoi” and Sanskrit can be read here http://derzhavarus.ru/samskrta.html and here: http://www.dopotopa.com/artefakty_drevney_indii_sanskrit_-_jazyk_bogov.html.
By the way, if the authority who stood at the origins of the letters would be left-handed, we thought we would write from right to left. It just occurs in the Semitic peoples. Accepting this dogma as a basis, it as the sacred does not change.
Digital terms, it’s entirely Slavic language, and even povtorenie in Sanskrit. In turn, North-West India brought the knowledge of curves and Drava (Krivichi, and Drevlyane), what is also confirmed by records in Sanskrit.
Here such “savages” were our ancestors.
Go back to the Glagolitic alphabet.
It according to different sources we know of 36 letters-numbers: the nine designated units, nine tens, nine hundreds and last nine – thousand.
If the Korsun showed Kirill, the sacred books of the Ruthenian letters in the form of a secret code, much clearer. After these reflections is born the idea that our ancestors did not have a second alphabet Glagolitic and used code table of words-verbs in figures for doing cryptography. This is the table of Cyril and brought to the edification of the Glagolitic alphabet-the alphabet as an independent system of writing. Here all the numbers are in order with no gaps, otherwise the code table and can not be, unlike the Church of the Cyrillic alphabet, created on the basis of the Greek phonetics.
Is it because the “alphabet” that in the Crimea met and perfected Cyril, became known as Kirilovich? Not that my saying the monk is Brave in his book “On writing”, describing the event with the following lines: “The same Slavic writing more sanctification and honor, what a Holy man created them, and the Greek — Gentiles unclean.” Brave says that “Holy men did the writing,” and the epithet “filthy Greeks” refers to those who did not accept Christianity, the Roman Empire, but once adopted pagan Alphabet was the creation of the Greek letter.
What not on the Glagolitic alphabet created by Cyril, is it the monk of the Brave? About the spread of the Glagolitic alphabet read more here http://yasynia.narod.ru/index/0-13
Saw Kirill in Crimea Glagolitic or Cyrillic?
One thing that I saw, and quite another invented, looking at the books provided.
Maybe it’s time to talk about the prototype for both, but in the Church variant, i.e. the establishment of the Church of the Alphabet and Glagolitsa in the image and likeness of our more ancient Alphabet?
In 967, Pope John XIII), appointing its bishops (Bishop) for Prague, wrote: “divine service should be sent not according to the rites of the Bulgarian or Russian or Slavic language, but according to the statutes of the Roman Church.” The question is, what kind of “Russian language” in 967, is it? Do the Czechs before the people of Kiev, according to the context of the message of the Pope, had the opportunity to practise their rituals at the “Russian Canon” and “Russian language”, knowing about the future is created through 125 years of the first Russian state – Kievan Rus and the upcoming creation of a “Slavic letters”? According to the source http://lsvsx.livejournal.com/184965.html
The Charter of the Church of Rome was recognized worthy for the services and the Scriptures only three languages Hebrew, Greek and Latin. Against whom was set trecasali Canon? Banning what is it? The answer is obvious: of books recorded already existing letter. This is how the?
Roman numerals, according to science, this image of Etruscan heritage. http://shkolazhizni.ru/culture/articles/70199/and, we will smile and remember the carpenters marking the notches the sequence number of the logs in the disassembly and Assembly of log houses.
Because features above and below the signs. Features this iconic image logs, for each sign separately. Pythagorean system with features over characters that indicates the increment that occurs when folding the frame. It turns out that the Glagolitic alphabet is first and foremost a system of accounts, numerical designations, from the time of the Etruscans.
For the construction of log houses such iconic numbers takes a little. With the development of civilization there is a need in large numbers, and the system of signs of carpenters, builders already Latins added in Roman letters. L is fifty, C one hundred, D –pyatsot, M is a thousand, which dashes at the top and bottom already had.
Letters letters is essentially the same icons bearing the images of objects, events, and rituals. We talked about this, considering the meaning of the letters of our Alphabet in the Chapter “Mysteries of the Alphabet”.
Whose letters and numbers the Greeks and the Romans? Gift from deceased people.
What does the first letter known letter of the alphabets?
Accepting the idea that letters that somewhat images-of icons, we see that the first letter “A” in different scripts turned off. This reflects the culture of the people and their view of the letter signs. From the Phoenicians “And” as the head of a bull written by horns up, Greeks and Russians – the horns down. And the horns if they saw? Every people saw her, that turned signs. Some saw the bull, the other a yoke of an ox, the third – measurement tool processed arable land, which was planted with crops and yards. Also in relation to the other letters.
Sign one, but the characters are different. Moreover, bulls, and measures the length you want to read, but not one sign, rotating in different Nations. How many alepou so many bulls, how many fathoms is the length of the treated field. The letter identifies the subject, and it seems comfortable. Is it only the Greeks does the trendsetter? How to consider the course of the process or ritual?
In this case, the desired universality without reference to objects or processes that count. So, in addition to the ABC system is necessary depersonalized characters account. Known system of notation the anonymized numbers of India that the Arabs spread all over the world and therefore now called the Arab, although the Arab culture has its own system of numerical signs and their own names.
Make the assumption. The Glagolitic alphabet in its inception, was not an alphabet but a system of arithmetic, its signs meant only numbers, not letters. Further, the arithmetic system of depersonalized characters turns into a system of code letters. And probably Cyril, based on the Glagolitic code table, turns it into it’s own alphabet of constant literal numbers. The idea he suggested those who wrote the gospel and the Psalms to demonstrate in Korsun.
Any reason to think so?
See the known monk the Brave. In his work is clearly written: “the Slavs believed and wondered, not having the books of the Gentiles being”. Here it is of primary arithmetic Glagolitic. The book numbers do not write and maintain the Ledger for the account. At first the Glagolitic symbols are numbers, for divination by numbers created by numerology.
The Glagolitic alphabet is not an easy thing. The word Glagolitic has double the sound, twice the onomatopoeia in the root of the word. This ideological duality of the world, which has been preserved in the Roman system of counting. Connect the two mirror rotated letters D, get a circle, and D the Romans meant a half-circle – 500 (D+D=1000). Account and numerology.
On numerological basis of the Glagolitic alphabet was created by Cyril alphabet (the Glagolitic alphabet) to replace the pagan numerology of the Christian dogmas.
Source: the oldest Glagolitic as the alphabet, the story and its use of numerology.
Glagolitic can confidently count to the number of 1999, and further sources are confused because how does the alternation of letters and number that was generated by the need for additional signs for counting large numbers. Source: http://info-7.ru/Titlo/Glag.shtml. And the alternation of the signs of the Glagolitic alphabet can be explained by the fact that it was a different code table, which is the encryption process. It’s like today we are constantly changing passwords in programs, websites, etc.
If we turn to the texts transcribed from Glagolitic to Cyrillic, in the Cyrillic text will see blotches of letters and words, written in the Glagolitic script, as if the numbering or Makarovna paragraphs of text.
All so, if not a few but.
The analysis of the graphics of the letters of Glagolitic has identified the intersection of the senses with our ABC, both in terms of graphics and in terms of concepts and names of letters that cannot be correlated only with the numbers, because such images for them to comment Navyserge redundant. Well, continue the search.
We have considered the well-known events as if Cyril read in Korsun books written in Glagolitic letters as a code. And suggested that Cyril perfected discovered the Glagolitic alphabet with the signs of the verbs to complete Church letter.
Now it would be logical to consider the well-known events as if Cyril read in Korsun books written gecirilmesi the ABC, and as a result he did some things.
Here is the time to refer to the hypothesis of ethnogenesis put forward by the historian Lydia Groth. Her hypothesis:
“The birth of a new ethnic community comes from the Union of two “parent” organisms in a specific pattern, a new community gets the language from one parent and from the other, with one of the “parents” can be “alien”, then the other must be autochthonous, derived from local ground. It’s like the formula of ethno-genetic process, which consists of two quantities: the question of language and question name two of the most important issues that confronted people at the birth of a new community”.
What we see in Europe at the beginning of the first Millennium?
The process of Germanization led to the assimilation of the media of the Slavic culture and displacement in Eastern Europe. Characteristically, came the Slavs brought their language and the local aborigines retained their names. So was born the community – Russians and other so-called Slavic peoples. Many modern countries, there is a common language and cultural heritage, and ethnonyms are different. As all the hypothesis of L. Groth. The is proved the famous words of the ambassadors: “We are from the kind of Russian”. It traces the ethnogenesis, ambassadors consider themselves to be an integral part of the Russian people.
However, not so clear. Assimilation as a mutual process, the course is a mixture of cultures. This fact allows to assume the existence of the Rus, not the Slavs their own Alphabet. That is what existence could well be the prototype for the birth of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic Church.
If we assume the existence of Slavs Alphabet, then why are spreading across vast territories, they did not bring the same Alphabet of all? There is no reason to believe that throughout Europe was Latin and the Alphabet, along with Greek Alphabet. At the same time the names of the letters of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic are the same and the Greek are not similar. Where they all taken? We are told that they were invented by Cyril, and on what basis, barbarous paganism, which we saw earlier in considering the meaning of these names?
Nothing to do with the Greek language these names are not. Whether it’s with a Slavic letter, as we are told, that some Slavic countries after the failure of the Glagolitic quietly went to Latin, and the other part on the Greek alphabet, but this did not happen. Moreover, the Latin and Greek alphabet and the Glagolitic in Russia become a national letter. Why is that prevented? The answer to the surface – existed Azbuka Rus. Left the Glagolitic letters in history. The elite of Western countries, under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Rome, adopted the Latin as now they adopt the policy of the West. But the East still retains its classical traditions and holds the same independent foreign policy.
Considering the legend of the Bears we saw that both the letter and the Church and the Glagolitic-Cyrillic artificial origin and imposed on us by the West in contrast to the ancient Alphabet of the Rus – the cultural heritage of many generations of our ancestors.
Now, nothing prevents to assume that in Korsun Cyril read books written by the Alphabet of the Rus, which was the inspiration for the invention of the Glagolitic alphabet by Cyril and his supporters to establish the Church of the Cyrillic alphabet. More about this can be found in the Chapter “the legend of the Glagolitic. Part 2. Foreign policy”.
Further, with the kind permission of blogger Navycerge will be published his reflections related to the assumption that in Korsun Cyril Ruska read a letter written decillionth Alphabet.
Continued in Part 2.
in the List of entries on the topic: the Enlightenment of the Slavs