The recent modest extractor of quintessence (i.e., I) got a lot of pompous references to syncretism in General and syncretic cults in particular. To understand the adult interlocutor, when he with a significant view reports about their regressive trends is not easy, and even harder to forgive. In addition, it was foundthat one recently passed away Italian Professor 20 years ago made a scream: “Now I’ll explain everything!” — after what may have confused the minds of men so that conceptual thinking in them stopped working. Some still believe in the magical power of syncretism.
Therefore it seemed useful to go and collect the basic values and contexts of this word in a tight, heavy knot, which is handy to have in case of urgent necessity in psycho-correction.
The experience of this race dictates that the first thing to look in the dictionary Ushakov:
1. the indivisibility of different types of something, the original fusion in some phenomenon, characteristic of the early stages of development; this is the meaning of the term applies to the field of art
2. the system, which comes from combining several contradictory theories, a kind of eclecticism, identifying and connecting diverse beginning, ignoring differences; it is the meaning of the term applied to the philosophical and religious teachings
- Syncretism (art) — a combination or merging “disparate” ways of thinking and views.
- Syncretism (linguistics) — permanent Association in one form, multiple values or components of values, between different forms.
- Religious syncretism — the Union of diverse doctrinal and cultic regulations. → Explanatory dictionary of Ushakov (http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/38951)
In principle, if you sit down and quietly reflect on each word separately, but their combination, it appears that everything significant has already been said.
- “Initial fusion” phenomenon, characteristic of early “childhood” of forms processes and phenomena.
- “The connection is controversial” — that is, base (in our enlightened times) the thinking mechanism is not functioning. Contradictions do not lead to the negation, to the division of the United.
The development of contradictions, they say, led to the birth of philosophy out of myth. Accordingly, it is treated only by associative relations and emotions. I recommend the article by the distinguished cultprosvet_mag on this subject.
Who all understand, can stay here and wait for the second article about Umberto Eco and fascism, and the rest I suggest to move on and increase the exposure.
The syncretism (from the Greek. συγκρητισμός — Union, Association) — connection of disparate doctrinal and cultic regulations in the process of interaction of religions in their historical development.
In religious studies, religious-philosophical syncretism — a variety of mystical, occult, and spiritualistic and other concepts different from traditional religious movements. For religious and philosophical syncretism characteristic of the synthesis of elements of various religions as well as scientific and nonscientific knowledge. To syncretic religious philosophy include theosophy, theosophy including Blavatsky, the anthroposophy of Rudolf Steiner, Agni Yoga (or Living Ethics) of the Roerichs.
According to Orthodox theologians, syncretism — cultural phenomenon, a similar eclecticism in philosophy: it is external, inorganic, artificial connection of fragments or elements of diverse religious teachings, anthropological or cosmological nature. Spiritual foundations of such compounds are either not defined clearly or are not linked to the content of the involved fragments. Examples of syncretistic — Gnostic teachings, theosophy, etc. In journalism this term often has the sense of religious universality.
Historically, syncretism was widespread in Ancient Rome and the Inca state where incorporation of the gods of the vanquished lands in private religious cult was maintained at the level of state policy.
Syncretism should be distinguished from religious pluralism, implying peaceful coexistence and/or separation of the spheres of influence between multiple faiths or religions without their merger.
Syncretic religions:Bahai Faith, Wubb, Dean and illahi, Iguanidae, Cao Dai, Kedan of Absolute Freedom, Zero-Buddhism, Omoto-ke, Santeria, Sekai Kusa-ke, Shugendo, Thelema, Umbanda, Cilizza
New religious movements syncretic type
AUM Shinrikyo, New Age, Falun Gong → Wikipedia
Like something starts to emerge, right?
Personally, I more like the Orthodox theologians remark that for syncretism in religion should either be hidden bases (origin and meaning) of connected elements …or just give up their links with each other.
Offhand, the first method is characteristic of syncretic reprints. It seems modern man is harder to knock out of critical thinking, but easy enough to cheat by sending the criticism on all around in “my content”.
It seems to me that the ancient did not need such tricks, because what we now call critical thinking, available units. But for the dissemination of the cult were bright, emotionally saturated images, and to combine them you could just sequence (“radioprogram”). Fleur exotic origin, only fueled interest.
Move on to the philosophers:
1) the indivisibility that characterizes the underdeveloped state of some phenomenon (e.g. art in the initial stages of human culture, when music, singing, poetry and dance were not separated from each other; the indivisibility of mental. functions in the early stages of child development, etc.).
2) a Mixture of inorganic fusion of heterogeneous elements, such as various cults and religious systems in late antiquity — religion syncretism of Hellenistic times; in philosophy — the kind of eclecticism. → Philosophical encyclopedic dictionary. — M.: Soviet encyclopedia. CH. editors: L. F. Ilichev, P. N. Fedoseev, S. M. Kovalev, V. G. Panov. 1983.
The indivisibility associated with underdevelopment or simply eclectic. There’s something to build a picture of the world adult married man.
Around the second half of the nineteenth century psychologists finally separated from philosophers (there was a dismemberment of objects, methods and functions of the former, nerazmokaemogo state). In 1875, the year of German philosopher Wilhelm Wundt (teacher Ivan Pavlov) founded the world’s first laboratory for experimental psychology. Since that time psychologists and philosophers have to listen to separately from each other (and even separately from theologians).
We do not mind the time, we need high-quality performance:
Etymology: comes from Greek. syn – with, together + lat. cresco – grow, increase.
Category: manners of thinking and perception.
Distinguishing features: characterized by the tendency to tie together the diverse phenomena encountered in infants and preschool ages.
According to Vygotsky, syncretism due to the tendency of the child to adopt the communication of impressions of the connection of things. This syncretic generalizations performs the first stage in the development of word meaning, which is characterized by diffuse, non-directional transfer of meaning on several linked in perceptual terms, but not internally related to each other objects. → Psychological dictionary. I. M. Kondakov. 2000.
Good, but not enough.
Syncretism — in psychology — a special way of thinking and perception: the indivisibility of the psychical functions in the early stages of child development age (early and preschool). Is manifested in the trend without sufficient grounds to tie together disparate phenomena. A number of researchers have noted the syncretism of the child’s perception, reflected in neuroscientist sensual image of the object, in the absence of selection and the assignment of the internal connections and component.
…The Swiss psychologist Jean piaget refers to the syncretism of the main characteristics of children’s thinking, explaining the inability of a child to logical reasoning tendency to replace the synthesis of compound retopologizing. Taking the communication of impressions for the connection of things, the child is unconscious and undirected — often in the form of games or the manipulation of words shifts the meaning from a number of only superficially related phenomena or objects.
According to Vygotsky, syncretism is of great importance for the development of children’s thinking. Taking the subsequent practice of syncretic communication, the respective fact, the child recreates the true meaning of the word. → The dictionary of the practical psychologist. — M.: AST, harvest. S. Y. Golovin. 1998.
As you can see, without syncretism is not complete but in order to become capable and responsible adult, it should then by all means. For example, to master logic, conceptual thinking, to understand the world of the senses, to learn the laws and find their lives quite a serious meaning.
In the twentieth-century syncretism of the secondary engulfed humanity. In particular, the forerunner of the eclectic movement “New Age”, the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung was hauled into the psychology of what later became known as cultural studies. To razlejte psychology and cultural studies difficult, but just in case, let’s hear it for cultural studies.
SYNCRETISM (cultural studies)
In the broadest sense of the word — the indivisibility of different types of cultural creativity inherent in the early stages of its development. Most often, however, this term is applied to the field of art, to the facts of the historical development of music, dance, drama and poetry. In the definition of A. N. Veselovsky S. — “the combination rifmovannyy, orgastically movements with the song-music and elements of speech.” — The literary encyclopedia. → 11 t.; M.: publishing house of the Communist Academy, Soviet encyclopedia, fiction. Under the editorship of V. M. friche, A. V. Lunacharsky. 1929-1939.
The quality inherent in primitive culture, characterized by indivisibility and lack of development of anything, in particular activity and consciousness.
1) the indivisibility that characterizes underdeveloped state of some phenomena, eg. art at the initial stage of development of culture.
2) a mixture of inorganic fusion of heterogeneous elements, eg. various cults and religious systems in late antiquity (religious syncretism of the Hellenistic period). → Big explanatory dictionary of cultural studies. Kononenko And B. A.. 2003.
As they say, find ten differences from the philosophy…
The difference, of course, is that it boils down to clarifying about art and primitive culture.
But the appearance of the corresponding irritation in the here and now – in my opinion – says that the idea of syncretism developed. If You felt nothing, reread the text, or explore the dictionaries by yourself.
I think that now kind of reader is more difficult to confuse the arguments about the benefits of syncretism. And shall cease to amaze my thesis regressive aspiration of people who seek answers to their questions.
If the development is becoming more complex, it implies differentiation, the development of mental functions, including cognitive, intellectual (and emotional, but now is not it…). Attempt to return to nerazluchno state have regressed.
Attempt to return the other to imply making no distinction (for example to captivate the syncretic cults) have induced regression, dumping people in nerazviti. Running wild in the secondary.
From the point of view of morality (whether secular or religious) syncretism is, first of all, immoral. When Good and Evil do not differ.