Vegetables are an integral part of human diet. They are extremely useful due to the high content of carbohydrates, various acids, vitamins and active elements in light-absorbable form. A variety of the above elements in the vegetables and makes them taste and nutritional value. As you may have guessed, in this article we will talk about the vegetables, their usefulness and necessity of the presence on our table
Continuing our stories about nutrition, today we will talk about the benefits of vegetables, and the need for their use in food. So, let’s say a few words about the usefulness of each individual vegetable. Let’s start with the tomatoes:
Fresh tomatoes are ideal to replace the loss of minerals. They contain potassium (good for the heart, removes excess fluid from the body), magnesium (helps with adaptation to the cold), iron (necessary for anemia), zinc (promotes cell growth of skin, hair, and more rapid wound healing), calcium (good for bones), phosphorus (total metabolic processes of the body). These vegetables contain a lot of acids necessary for the body to complete the work.
Tomato is rich in vitamins — B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, E, but most of all in them of vitamin C. 100 grams of ripe tomatoes a quarter provide the need for this vitamin of an adult.
Another compound found in tomatoes — lycopene. It is a organic compound that gives the vegetables a red color, is the strongest natural antioxidant, even more powerful than vitamins C and E. Lycopene also reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The tomato salad brought the most use, to serve it is with sunflower oil. Together with vegetable fats lycopene is absorbed much better. Some scientists believe that the tomato is also the hormone of joy, because this vegetable is also a good wrestler with depression. In General, even these arguments enough to understand that the tomato must be present in our diet — its usefulness is very high
Move on to peppers. The content of vitamin C sweet pepper surpasses even lemon and black currant! The largest amount of vitamin contained near the stalk, i.e. in the part of the fetus, which is usually cut off during cleaning.
In pepper, ascorbic acid combined with vitamin P, which strengthens blood vessels and their walls. In the pepper of vitamin A more than carrots: consumption of 30-40 grams of pepper a day promotes hair growth, improves eyesight, skin and mucous membranes of the body. Pepper is rich in vitamins B1, B2, B6 and PP, therefore, suffering from depression, diabetes, dermatitis, and with poor memory, insomnia, lack of energy, it is imperative to include bell pepper in the diet.
If sometimes to eat scorching peppers chili, this will help the normalization of cerebral circulation, will facilitate the state in bronchial asthma, cough, sore throat, flu.
Peppers used as a base for a hydrating mask: the fruit is rubbed on a small plastic grater, 1 tsp substance mixed with the same amount of sour cream and one egg. Apply the mask on face and neck for 20-30 minutes, then washed off with warm water. It is proved that the spicy pepper slows the growth of cancer cells — that decision came researchers from University of Pittsburgh, and it is most useful in ovarian cancer.
In the pulp of the radish contains high amounts of fiber, pectin and mineral salts. Because of the large iron content in easily digestible form, radish facilitates the process of hematopoiesis, increases the hemoglobin. Among the vitamins in this vegetable are: C, B1, B2, PP. Naturally, oranges, cabbage and currants lot more of them, but a bunch of radishes on the content of vitamin C zamenyaet half a lemon, three tomatoes or a dozen plums. But this is half the daily human need for this vitamin.
Radish wonderful effect on the appetite. The enzymes help to digest protein foods that speed metabolism. And this is extremely important for those who suffer from obesity, diabetes or gout. Acute taste and smell of the radishes stands out thanks to organic acid and essential oil of sulforafan.
Peas are valued for high content of protein. Its in peas is almost the same as in beef. But, unlike meat protein, it is much easier to digest, rich in carbohydrates and trace elements. Green peas contain b vitamins, carotene, vitamins C and PP. It is especially important that the pea is the source of one of the rare amino acids – lysine. Peas must be included in the diet for cardiovascular patients, as it contains pyridoxine that affect the breakdown and synthesis of amino acids. The lack of this vitamin can cause dermatitis, and seizures. Because of selenium peas is considered to be anti-carcinogenic agent that blocks the intake of radioactive metals. In folk medicine, the decoction of the tops of peas and fruits is used to dissolve kidney stones. Pea reduces the likelihood of cancer, heart attack, hypertension. Eating it slows the aging process of the skin and the whole organism.
It is well known that garlic is good for our health. It increases the level of testosterone, lowering the level of cortisol, which is released in response to training stress, so any training turns into inevitable destruction of the muscle mass. Garlic also helps to guide the hormonal balance toward anabolism, accelerating your muscle growth. To take garlic is advised not later than an hour before training.
Cabbage is a faithful companion of any program for weight loss. Huge in fiber and water and low nutritional value, making cabbage a constant vegetable of all people who are overweight. Cabbage leaves applied for bruises, inflammation of the joints and soft tissues. People say that eating cabbage helps in better growth of mammary glands in women and helps to maintain a slim waist. Sauerkraut juice due to high content of lactic acid, regulates blood sugar and is necessary in case of diabetes mellitus. Cabbage juice also helps with insomnia. It is also used for rinsing the oral cavity during inflammation and bleeding gums. The use of cabbage in food has a positive impact on the development of beneficial intestinal microflora. It is useful to eat cabbage hemorrhoids, gout and gallstones. Ferments cabbage to kill the tubercle Bacillus and other pathogenic microbes. In folk medicine, cabbage juice with dry wine is used as a tool to help after being bitten by rabid animals.
The potato is one of the main suppliers of minerals in our body. 70 per cent of all mineral substances of potato — potassium salt, they are indispensable for humans, promote the excretion of water and salts from the body than regulate the processes of exchange. In potato tubers contain elements such as iron, phosphorus, iodine, sodium, magnesium, calcium, manganese, copper, zinc, Nickel, cobalt and boron. The potato, at the same time, the most nutritious vegetable. The high food value of the potato adds starch, but its role in nutrition is small. During cleavage in the intestine, the starch is converted into glucose, which spreads throughout the body. In cells glucose is burned, releasing energy for the organism. Potato proteins most full of all existing plant proteins have all essential amino acids. But potatoes are also dangerous: it accumulates poisonous substance — solanine. In matured tubers solanine is extremely small, and it is not dangerous. But green in the sun the tubers accumulate large amounts of solanine. A lot of it is accumulated and old potatoes, in the outer layer and eyes. It is this reason an old potato is better for a good clean, cut the eyes. Green tubers is strictly prohibited to eat. Be careful, as potatoes are included in the list of foods rich in chemicals. Grow it yourself or buy from trusted people.
Beets — one of the most useful for human vegetables. It is widely used in cooking, its healing properties help in folk and traditional medicine. This root is known with drevnih times. In Russia beet appeared since the 14th century and people have appreciated its taste and usefulness. In the beet contains large amounts of iron, putting it far ahead of the rest of the vegetables. Iron is indispensable for blood formation. High iodine content allows the beets to have a positive impact on the thyroid gland, affects memory and performance. Needed for humans potassium is also present in this amazing vegetable. Thanks to another trace element — magnesium, beetroot is also useful for nervous system and slows down inflammatory processes
As you know, cucumbers are 95 percent water. Cucumbers contain C, B1, B2, P, provitamin a, enzymes, aromatic and mineral substances (phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron). There are also mineral salts, such as potassium. Cucumbers fibre stimulates intestinal motility. Fresh cucumbers must be included in the diet if you have problems with the cardiovascular system, liver, kidney, obesity, metabolic arthritis. Cucumbers improve appetite, diuretic and laxative effect. Cucumber is a wonderful source of iodine. And because cucumber is almost no proteins, fats and carbohydrates, while consuming cucumbers no risk stout.
When buying you should choose firm cucumbers without dents, rich green color. They should not be too large. The smaller the cucumber, the less seeds, the tastier and more crisp.
The Jerusalem artichoke is extremely beneficial for diabetes mellitus. It is proven that constant intake of artichoke lowers the level of sugar in the blood. With frequent use of Jerusalem artichoke along with lower blood sugar levels and greatly improved vision! The unique chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke is a good influence on all parts and mechanisms of development of diseases of the digestive system, which is confirmed by many studies. The root also markedly stimulates the motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
In ancient times onions were treating many diseases. In Russia there was a proverb: “Who eats an onion, God will save from damnation”. Only we in Russia in each house, hut, izba in the kitchen hung, and still hang, bundles of onions and garlic. They purify the air, kill germs and help with the recovery of the patient. Onions also strengthens the stomach and stimulates the appetite. It also protects against this unpleasant disease, such as jaundice and can act as a sedative. If lunch or dinner you ate a lot of onions, you will certainly be sleepy. For men useful all types of onions in any quantity, it strengthens and increases the potency. If you overcome sore throat, you need not rush to make a variety of treatments. Mix half onion juice and honey and eat a couple of times a day one teaspoon. If you get hurt and there is nothing to disinfect the wound — you always have onions, is an excellent tool for disinfection. Onion can be eaten in diseases of the heart and blood vessels, diseases of the liver, kidneys, lungs and women’s diseases. Useful not only onions but also green — and the most valuable part of it is the white fleshy stem
We told you about the benefits of vegetables, and if you are interested in the topic of proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle